Reporte de cuatro casos clínicos de bacteriemia por Hafnia alvei en una unidad cardio-quirúrgica pediátrica

Introduction: The gram negative bacillus Hafnia alvei, is the only species of the genus Hafnia, family Enterobacteriaceae. It occasionally behaves as an opportunistic pathogen in humans, causing intestinal and respiratory infection and sepsis. It rarely causes bacteremia, usually of unknown focus.

Objective: To describe a nosocomial outbreak of four pediatric patients with bacteremia by Hafnia alvei.

Methods: Descriptive study using clinical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with Hafnia alvei bacteremia in a pediatric cardiosurgical unit, in October 2008.

Results: The attack rate was 4/8 (50%), lethality rate 2/4 (50%) and mortality 2/8 (25%). The microbiological study and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis confirmed the same clonal bacterial strain.

Discussion: The source of bacteremia was identified only in two patients and was associated with central venous catheters. The other two cases had no known infectious source. Epidemiological surveillance of emerging agents must be maintained.

Key words: Bacteremia, Hafnia alvei, blood cultures, children.

Autor: 
Claudia Moreno M., Mercedes Troncoso V., Paulina Coria De La H., Walter Ledermann D., Gladys Del Valle M., Cecilia Nuñez F., Pamela Araya R. (ISP), Jorge Fernández O. (ISP) y Alda Fernández R. (ISP)
Revista: 
Revista Chilena de Infectología, v.27 n.1, feb 2010
Fecha Publicación: 
Enero, 2010
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