Estrategias para el enfrentamiento del cólera. La experiencia chilena desde una perspectiva de salud pública

Strategies for dealing with cholera disease. A public health perspective of the Chilean experience During the latest Latin American epidemic of cholera (1991), more than 70,000 cases were identifi ed and over 6,000 deaths occurred. Cholera started in Peru and expanded to the rest of Latin American countries, including Chile. Compared to Peru, the epidemic in Chile had minor consequences due to the strategies adopted by the National System of Health Services, together with other public institutions. These strategies included the establishment of a National Committee for Cholera, strategic planning of health services, strengthening of epidemiologic surveillance systems and of clinical and environmental laboratories, education of the population, and preventive strategies, among others. Maintenance of environmental health measures and the population’s collaboration are essential to avoid future emergence of this disease.

Key words: Cholera, public health strategies, epidemiologic surveillance.
Palabras clave: Cólera, vigilancia epidemiológica, estrategias de salud pública.

M. Teresa Valenzuela B., Hugo Salinas P., Marcela Cárcamo I., Jaime Cerda L. y Gonzalo Valdivia C.
Revista Chilena de Infectología, abril de 2010
Fecha Publicación: 
Enero, 2010
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